ABSTRACT: Unfettered inflammation is thought to play critical role in the development of different clinical forms of tegumentary leishmaniasis. Eicosanoidsare potent mediators of inflammation and tightly associated with modulation of immune responses. In this cross-sectional exploratory study, we addressed whether targets from the eicosanoid biosynthetic pathway, assessed by multiplexed expression assays in lesion biopsy and plasma specimens, could highlight a distinct biosignature in patients with mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (MCL) or localized cutaneous leishmaniasis (LCL). Differences in immunopathogenesis between MCL and LCL may result from an imbalance between prostaglandins and leukotrienes, which may serve as targets for future host-directed therapies.

KEYWORDS: biomarkers; eicosanoids; inflammation; leukotrienes; prostaglandin; tegumentary leishmaniasis

  • Data de Publicação: 01/04/2016
  • Autores: França-Costa J, Andrade BB, Khouri R, Van Weyenbergh J, Malta-Santos H, da Silva Santos C, Brodyskn CI, Costa JM, Barral A, Bozza PT, Boaventura V, Borges VM. J Infect Dis.